Leonidas' famous response to the Persians was " Moln labé " ( - literally, "having come, take them but usually translated as "come and take them.
The eventual triumph of the Greeks was achieved by alliances of city-states (the exact composition changing over time allowing the pooling of resources and division of labor.
Population of the Greek city-states Archived March 5, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
However, the powers of these kings were held in check by both a council of elders (the Gerousia ) and magistrates specifically appointed to watch over the kings (the Ephors ).
The scale and scope of warfare in ancient Greece changed dramatically as a result of the Greco-Persian Wars.556 Pedersen, Early Physics and Astronomy,. .481 Golding, exceprt from The Hot Gates.Mycenaean Greece, Greek urban poleis began to form in the 8th century BC, ushering in the.Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ.Citation needed Maps of the region: 82 83 Image of the battlefield, from the east 84 First day edit On the fifth day after the Persian arrival at Thermopylae and the first day of the battle, Xerxes finally resolved to attack the Greeks.
"Leonidas, Son of Anaxandridas".
The aristocratic regimes which generally governed the poleis were threatened by the new-found wealth of merchants, who in turn desired political power.
Ellas ) was a civilization belonging to a period of, greek history from the.115 Aftermath edit Main article: Second Persian invasion of Greece A Persian soldier at the time of the Second Persian invasion of Greece."Literature in the Classical Age of Greece".A variant of the epigram is inscribed on the Polish Cemetery at Monte Cassino.100 Hydarnes was perhaps just as amazed to see them hastily arming themselves as they were to see him and his forces.During two full days of battle, the small force led by Leonidas blocked the only road by which the massive Persian army could pass.Retrieved Pressfield, Steven (1998).
Strachey, Edward (February 1871).
"Herodotus and the Dating of the Battle of Thermopylae".